Formulate energy policies, regulatory frameworks and legislation, and oversee
their implementation to ensure energy security, promotion of environmentally
friendly energy carriers, and access to affordable and reliable energy for all
The Department of Energy is mandated to ensure the secure and sustainable
provision of energy for socioeconomic development. It is to achieve this by
developing an integrated energy plan for the entire energy sector, regulating
energy industries, and promoting investment in accordance with the integrated
resource plan (which focuses on electricity). A number of acts regulate the
energy sector and reflect the legislative measures the department has
instituted to govern the energy sector. Key among these are:
the National Energy Act (2008)
the Petroleum Products Act (1977)
the Electricity Regulation Act (2006).
The National Energy Act (2008) sets out the core aspects of the department’s
mandate and is the enabling legislation that empowers the Minister of Energy
ensure that diverse energy resources are available in sustainable quantities and at affordable prices in the South African economy to support economic growth and poverty alleviation, while taking into account environmental considerations
plan for the increased generation and consumption of renewable energy, a contingency energy supply, the holding of strategic energy feedstock and carriers, adequate investment in appropriate upkeep, and access to energy infrastructure
collect data and information regarding energy demand, supply and generation
promote electricity regulation, energy research and the efficient generation and consumption of energy.
The department is also mandated to regulate the petroleum industry at the
manufacturing, wholesale and retail levels, through the implementation of the
Petroleum Products Act (1977). The Petroleum and Liquid Fuels Charter is
annexed to the Petroleum Products Amendment Act (2003), and outlines the
department’s strategy to effect the transformation of the industry.
The Electricity Regulation Act (2006) establishes a national regulatory
framework for the electricity supply industry and introduces the National
Energy Regulator as the custodian and enforcer of the national electricity
regulatory framework. The act also provides for licences and registration as
the instruments through which generation, transmission, distribution, trading
and the import and export of electricity are regulated.
In terms of its policy mandate, the department is working with a range of
documents and legislation, which support the long term vision for South Africa
to use as much renewable energy as possible; create the necessary conditions
to stimulate an efficient electricity market; and position South Africa to
become globally competitive in the use of innovative technology for the
design, manufacture and deployment of state of the art nuclear energy systems,
power reactors and nuclear fuel cycle systems.
The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.
A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different expenditure budgets, depending on their requirements and available finances. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's Estimates of National Expenditure documents.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending by each sub-programme of that programme.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending by economic classification under that Programme.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending of each Programme under that Economic Classification.
The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.
These charts show changes to the spending plans originally published in the Estimates of National Expenditure. Details of these changes are published in the Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure.
Total adjustment to the original budget for this department.
Changes to planned spending between categories within this department.
Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.
The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.
Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:
Compare the adjusted appropriation to the main appropriation to see whether changes were made in the adjustments budget to the appropriations set out in the budget. The audited outcome shows what was actually spent.
Note: Direct charges against the National Revenue Fund are excluded.
Read more in the Annual Report on the department's website.
Compare the amount of budget allocated to each of this deparment’s programmes at each phase in the process leading up to the Audited Outcome
National Treasury, departments and commitees are busy with different things depending on the time of year:
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