Formulate energy policies, regulatory frameworks and legislation, and oversee
their implementation to ensure energy security, promotion of environmentally
friendly energy carriers, and access to affordable and reliable energy for all
The Department of Energy is mandated to ensure the secure and sustainable
provision of energy for socioeconomic development. It is to achieve this by
developing an integrated energy plan for the entire energy sector, regulating
energy industries, and promoting investment in accordance with the integrated
resource plan (which focuses on electricity). A number of acts regulate the
energy sector and reflect the legislative measures the department has
instituted to govern the energy sector. Key among these are:
the National Energy Act (2008)
the Petroleum Products Act (1977)
the Electricity Regulation Act (2006).
The National Energy Act (2008) sets out the core aspects of the department’s
mandate and is the enabling legislation that empowers the Minister of Energy
ensure that diverse energy resources are available in sustainable quantities and at affordable prices in the South African economy to support economic growth and poverty alleviation, while taking into account environmental considerations
plan for the increased generation and consumption of renewable energy, a contingency energy supply, the holding of strategic energy feedstock and carriers, adequate investment in appropriate upkeep, and access to energy infrastructure
collect data and information regarding energy demand, supply and generation
promote electricity regulation, energy research and the efficient generation and consumption of energy.
The department is also mandated to regulate the petroleum industry at the
manufacturing, wholesale and retail levels, through the implementation of the
Petroleum Products Act (1977). The Petroleum and Liquid Fuels Charter is
annexed to the Petroleum Products Amendment Act (2003), and outlines the
department’s strategy to effect the transformation of the industry.
The Electricity Regulation Act (2006) establishes a national regulatory
framework for the electricity supply industry and introduces the National
Energy Regulator as the custodian and enforcer of the national electricity
regulatory framework. The act also provides for licences and registration as
the instruments through which generation, transmission, distribution, trading
and the import and export of electricity are regulated.
In terms of its policy mandate, the department is working with a range of
documents and legislation, which support the long term vision for South Africa
to use as much renewable energy as possible; create the necessary conditions
to stimulate an efficient electricity market; and position South Africa to
become globally competitive in the use of innovative technology for the
design, manufacture and deployment of state of the art nuclear energy systems,
power reactors and nuclear fuel cycle systems.
The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) sets out the detailed spending plans of each government department for the coming year.
National Treasury, departments and commitees are busy with different things depending on the time of year: