Lead South Africa’s environmental sector to achieve sustainable development
towards a better quality of life for all.
The Department of Environmental Affairs is mandated to give effect to the
right of citizens to an environment that is not harmful to their health or
wellbeing, and to have the environment protected for the benefit of present
and future generations. To this end, the department provides leadership in
environmental management, conservation and protection towards sustainability
for the benefit of South Africans and the global community.
This mandate is derived from the following legislation:
the National Environmental Management Act (1998), which provides for issue specific legislation on: biodiversity and heritage resources; oceans and coasts; climate change and air quality management; and waste and chemicals management
the National Environmental Management Amendment Act (2004), which streamlines the process of regulating and administering the environmental impact assessment process
the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Amendment Act (2009), which provides for the assignment of national parks, special parks and heritage sites to South Africa in terms of the World Heritage Convention Act (1999)
the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (2004), which significantly reforms South Africa’s laws regulating biodiversity
the National Environmental Management: Air Quality and Atmospheric Act (2004), which reforms the law regulating air quality in order to protect the environment by providing reasonable measures for preventing pollution and ecological degradation, securing ecologically sustainable development, and provides for national norms and standards regulating air quality monitoring
the National Environmental Management: Waste Act (2008), which reforms the law regulating waste management in order to protect health and the environment by providing reasonable measures for the prevention of pollution
the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act (2008), which promotes the conservation of the coastal environment and ensures sustainable development practices and the use of natural resources.
The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.
A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different expenditure budgets, depending on their requirements and available finances. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's Estimates of National Expenditure documents.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending by each sub-programme of that programme.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending by economic classification under that Programme.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending of each Programme under that Economic Classification.
The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.
These charts show changes to the spending plans originally published in the Estimates of National Expenditure. Details of these changes are published in the Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure.
Total adjustment to the original budget for this department.
Changes to planned spending between categories within this department.
Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.
The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.
Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:
Compare the adjusted appropriation to the main appropriation to see whether changes were made in the adjustments budget to the appropriations set out in the budget. The audited outcome shows what was actually spent.
Note: Direct charges against the National Revenue Fund are excluded.
Read more in the Annual Report on the department's website.
Compare the amount of budget allocated to each of this deparment’s programmes at each phase in the process leading up to the Audited Outcome
National Treasury, departments and commitees are busy with different things depending on the time of year:
Interested in finding out how the South African budget process works? Learn about the budget process, how it relates to our constitution and the role that it plays in a modern d...
The South African Constitution has several provisions that support people’s participation in areas of democratic governance. One such area of participation is in the allocation ...