Rural Development and Land Reform

National Department Budget for 2016-17

Vote purpose

Create and maintain an equitable and sustainable land dispensation and act as a catalyst in rural development to ensure sustainable rural livelihoods, decent work and continued social and economic advancement for all South Africans.


The Department of Rural Development and Land Reform executes its legislative mandate based on the following acts:

  • The Restitution of Land Rights Act (1994) provides for the restitution of rights in land to persons or communities dispossessed of such rights after 19 June 1913. The act established a Commission on Restitution of Land Rights and a Land Claims Court. The minister is authorised to purchase, acquire and expropriate land or rights in land for the purpose of restitution awards.

  • The Provision of Land and Assistance Act (1993) provides for the designation of certain land, the regulation of the subdivision of such land and the settlement of persons on it. It also provides for the acquisition, maintenance, planning, development, improvement and disposal of property and the provision of financial assistance for land reform purposes.

  • The Communal Property Associations Act (1996) enables communities to form juristic persons, to be known as communal property associations, in order to acquire, hold and manage property on a basis agreed to by members of a community in terms of a written constitution.

  • The Transformation of Certain Rural Areas Act (1998) provides for the transfer of certain land to municipalities and certain other legal entities, as well as for the removal of restrictions on the alienation of land.

  • The Physical Planning Act (1991) promotes the orderly physical development of South Africa, and for that purpose, makes provisions for the division of the country into regions, and for the preparation of national development plans, regional development plans, regional structure plans and urban structure plans.

  • The Deeds Registries Act (1997) provides for the administration of the land registration system and the registration of land rights.

  • The Land Survey Act (1997) provides for the regulation of the survey of land in South Africa.

  • The Sectional Titles Act (1986) provides for: the division of building into sections and common property; the acquisition of separate ownership in sections coupled with joint ownership in common property; the control of certain incidents attached to separate ownership in sections and joint ownership in common property; the transfer of ownership of sections and the registration of sectional mortgage bonds over, and real rights in sections; the conferring and registration of rights in and the disposal of common property; the establishment of bodies corporate to control common property and for that purpose to apply rules; and the establishment of a sectional titles regulation board.

  • The Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act (2013) provides for national land use management and spatial planning systems; the development of government facilities such as hospitals, clinics and schools; and rural development plans, guidelines, and norms and standards.

  • The department is also mandated to initiate, facilitate, coordinate, catalyse and implement an integrated rural development programme, which is linked to the need to create vibrant, equitable and sustainable rural communities (outcome 7 of government’s 2014-2019 medium term strategic framework).

The Budget Cycle

2016-17 Budget

The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.

Programme budgets for 2016-17

A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different expenditure budgets, depending on their requirements and available finances. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's documents.

Share this chart:

Budgeted spending by sub-programme for each programme

Each chart shows the budgeted spending by each sub-programme of that programme.

Land Reform
National Geomatics Management Services
Rural Development

Budgeted spending by Economic Classification for each programme

Each chart shows the budgeted spending by economic classification under that Programme.

Land Reform
National Geomatics Management Services
Rural Development

Budgeted spending by programme for Economic Classification items

Each chart shows the budgeted spending of each Programme under that Economic Classification.

Current payments - Compensation of employees
Current payments - Goods and services
Payments for capital assets - Machinery and equipment
Payments for capital assets - Software and other intangible assets
Transfers and subsidies - Departmental agencies and accounts
Transfers and subsidies - Foreign governments and international organisations
Transfers and subsidies - Households
Transfers and subsidies - Non-profit institutions
Transfers and subsidies - Provinces and municipalities
Transfers and subsidies - Public corporations and private enterprises

2016-17 Adjusted Budget

The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.

Please note
The adjusted budget documents are not available yet on

Budgeted and Actual Expenditure

Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.

The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.

Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:

Year Phase
2012-13 Audited Outcome
2013-14 Audited Outcome
2014-15 Audited Outcome
2015-16 Adjusted appropriation
2016-17 Main appropriation
2017-18 Medium Term Estimates
2018-19 Medium Term Estimates

Share this chart:
How Does Civil Society Use Budget Information?
Data by International Budget Partnership
How transparent and participatory are the budgets of Metropolitan Municipalities in South Africa?
Data by International Budget Partnership
A Guide to Conducting Social Audits in South Africa
Data by International Budget Partnership
Budget Analysis for Advancing Socioeconomic Rights
Data by Studies in Poverty and Inequality Institute
How can the budget portal help you?

Follow Xholiswa as she explores the budget and helps to bring change to her childhood school. Learn how understanding budgets can help you understand who is responsible for serv...

The budget process

Interested in finding out how the South African budget process works? Learn about the budget process, how it relates to our constitution and the role that it plays in a modern d...

Discuss this budget with others