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Basic Education

National Department Budget for 2018-19 www.education.gov.za

Vote purpose

Develop, maintain and support a South African school education system for the 21st century.

Mandate

The Department of Basic Education derives its mandate from the following legislation:

  • the National Education Policy Act (1996), which inscribed into law the policies, the legislative and monitoring responsibilities of the Minister of Basic Education, and the formal relations between national and provincial authorities
  • the South African Schools Act (1996), which promotes access to education, promotes quality and democratic governance in the schooling system, and makes schooling compulsory for children aged 7 to 15, to ensure that all learners have access to quality education without discrimination
  • the Employment of Educators Act (1998), which regulates the professional, moral and ethical responsibilities of educators, as well as the competency requirements for teachers.
The Budget Cycle
Plan

2018-19 Budget

The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.

Spending plans by programme and sub-programme

A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different budgets, depending on their objectives and available budgets. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's Estimates of National Expenditure documents.

Classification of spending items

In addition to exploring the department budget by programmes, the budget is classified according to Economic Classification.

The Economic Classification of a department's expenditure distinguishes between various categories of current expenditure and capital expenditure. The purpose of the economic classification is to categorise transactions according to type of object or input, such as compensation of employees or capital assets.

This visualisation highlights how many categories of expenditure there are for this department at Economic Classification level 4, and which ones are the biggest.

Programme spending under economic classifications

Budget programmes will differ in composition of spending, from compensation of employees, transfers to other agencies and goods and services, depending on their objective.

Select an Economic Classification to filter the data in this chart and see how much programmes spend on that category.

2018-19 Adjusted Budget

The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.

Budget changes in the Adjusted Budget

Total adjustments
4.3%

Total adjustment to the original budget for this department.

Value of virements
0.3%

Changes to planned spending between categories within this department.

Adjustments by type
Total adjustments by economic classification
Total adjustments by programme

Procurement resources

A guide to procurement
Find out how to ensure a procurement process was fair and legal, and where to look for more information.
Deviations from procurement process
Requests from national departments, public entities, Constitutional institutions and provincial treasuries to deviate from standard bidding processes when procuring goods or services.
Expansions and extensions of contracts
Requests from national departments and public entities to expand and extend existing contracts rather than request new bids from potential suppliers to perform the work.
Implement

In-year monitoring resources

In-year spending data
The in-year spending dataset provides monthly totals from the transactions of each department. This data is classified in fine detail by the department when recording their transactions.
In-year financial reporting (PFMA Section 32)
You can find in-year summary information about the National Revenue Fund and national departments in the Section 32 publications. This includes statements of expenditure, borrowing, cash flow and revenue receipts.

Performance monitoring resources

A guide to government planning and performance management
This guide describes the government's planning and performance management system. Performance management supports the government to achieve better service delivery for the people of South Africa. Find out how to determine how well a department is performing against its targets and where to obtain mo
Review

Planned compared to historical expenditure

Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.

The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.

Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:

Year Phase
2014-15 Audited Outcome
2015-16 Audited Outcome
2016-17 Audited Outcome
2017-18 Adjusted appropriation
2018-19 Main appropriation
2019-20 Medium Term Estimates
2020-21 Medium Term Estimates

Budgeted and actual expenditure comparison

Compare the adjusted appropriation to the main appropriation to see whether changes were made in the adjustments budget to the appropriations set out in the budget. The audited outcome shows what was actually spent.

Note: Direct charges against the National Revenue Fund are excluded.

Read more in the Annual Report on the department's website.

Main appropriation
Adjusted appropriation
Final appropriation
Audited outcome

Budgeted and actual expenditure comparison by programme

Compare the amount of budget allocated to each of this deparment’s programmes at each phase in the process leading up to the Audited Outcome

Main appropriation
Adjusted appropriation
Final appropriation
Audited outcome
Planning, Information and Assessment
Educational Enrichment Services
Administration
Teachers, Education Human Resources and Institutional Development
Curriculum Policy, Support and Monitoring
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