Formulate energy policies, regulatory frameworks and legislation, and oversee their implementation, to ensure energy security, the promotion of environmentally friendly energy carriers, and access to affordable and reliable energy for all South Africans.
The Department of Energy is mandated to ensure the secure and sustainable provision of energy in support of socioeconomic development. It aims to achieve this by developing an integrated energy plan for the entire energy sector and regulating energy industries, and promoting investment in accordance with the integrated resource plan for electricity. A number of acts regulate the energy sector and reflect the legislative measures the department has instituted to govern the sector. Key among these are:
The National Energy Act (2008) sets out the core aspects of the department’s mandate and is the enabling legislation that empowers the Minister of Energy to:
The department is also mandated to regulate the petroleum industry at the manufacturing, wholesale and retail levels through the implementation of the Petroleum Products Act (1977). The Petroleum and Liquid Fuels Charter is annexed to the Petroleum Products Amendment Act (2003), and outlines the department’s strategy to effect transformation in the industry.
In terms of its policy mandate, the department is working with a range of documents and legislation that support the long-term vision for South Africa to use as much renewable energy as possible; create the necessary conditions to stimulate an efficient electricity market; and position South Africa to become globally competitive in the use of innovative technology for the design, manufacture and deployment of state of the art nuclear energy systems, power reactors and nuclear fuel cycle systems
The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.
A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different expenditure budgets, depending on their requirements and available finances. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's documents.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending by each sub-programme of that programme.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending by economic classification under that Programme.
Each chart shows the budgeted spending of each Programme under that Economic Classification.
The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.
Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.
The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.
Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:
National Treasury, departments and commitees are busy with different things depending on the time of year:
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