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Environmental Affairs

National Department Budget for 2019-20

Vote purpose

Lead South Africa's environmental sector to achieve sustainable development towards a better quality of life for all.

Vote mandate

The Department of Environmental Affairs is mandated to give effect to the right of citizens to an environment that is not harmful to their health or wellbeing, and to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations. To this end, the department provides leadership in environmental management, conservation and protection towards sustainability for the benefit of South Africans and the global community.

This mandate is derived from the following legislation:

  • the National Environmental Management Act (1998), which provides for specific legislation on biodiversity and heritage resources; oceans and coasts; climate change and air quality management; and waste and chemicals management
  • the National Environmental Management Amendment Act (2004), which streamlines the process of regulating and administering the environmental impact assessment process
  • the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Amendment Act (2009), which provides for the assignment of national parks, special parks and heritage sites to South Africa in terms of the World Heritage Convention Act (1999)
  • the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (2004), which significantly reforms South Africa’s laws regulating biodiversity
  • the National Environmental Management: Air Quality and Atmospheric Act (2004), which reforms the law regulating air quality in order to protect the environment by providing reasonable measures for preventing pollution and ecological degradation, and securing ecologically sustainable development; and provides for national norms and standards regulating the monitoring of air quality
  • the National Environmental Management: Waste Act (2008), which reforms the law regulating waste management in order to protect health and the environment by providing reasonable measures for the prevention of pollution
  • the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act (2008), which promotes the conservation of the coastal environment and ensures sustainable development practices and the use of natural resources.
The Budget Cycle

2019-20 Budget

The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.

Spending plans by programme and sub-programme

A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different budgets, depending on their objectives and available budgets. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's Estimates of National Expenditure documents.

Budget (Main appropriation) 2019-20

Classification of spending items

In addition to exploring the department budget by programmes, the budget is classified according to Economic Classification.

The Economic Classification of a department's expenditure distinguishes between various categories of current expenditure and capital expenditure. The purpose of the economic classification is to categorise transactions according to type of object or input, such as compensation of employees or capital assets.

This visualisation highlights how many categories of expenditure there are for this department at Economic Classification level 4, and which ones are the biggest.

Budget (Main appropriation) 2019-20

Programme spending under economic classifications

Budget programmes will differ in composition of spending, from compensation of employees, transfers to other agencies and goods and services, depending on their objective.

Select an Economic Classification to filter the data in this chart and see how much programmes spend on that category.

Budget (Main appropriation) 2019-20

2019-20 Adjusted Budget

The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.

Budget changes in the Adjusted Budget

Please note
No adjusted budget data available for this year yet

Procurement resources

A guide to procurement
Find out how to ensure a procurement process was fair and legal, and where to look for more information.
Deviations from procurement process
Requests from national departments, public entities, Constitutional institutions and provincial treasuries to deviate from standard bidding processes when procuring goods or services.
Expansions and extensions of contracts
Requests from national departments and public entities to expand and extend existing contracts rather than request new bids from potential suppliers to perform the work.

In-year monitoring resources

In-year spending data
The in-year spending dataset provides monthly totals from the transactions of each department. This data is classified in fine detail by the department when recording their transactions.
In-year financial reporting (PFMA Section 32)
You can find in-year summary information about the National Revenue Fund and national departments in the Section 32 publications. This includes statements of expenditure, borrowing, cash flow and revenue receipts.

Performance monitoring resources

A guide to government planning and performance management
This guide describes the government's planning and performance management system. Performance management supports the government to achieve better service delivery for the people of South Africa. Find out how to determine how well a department is performing against its targets and where to obtain mo

Planned compared to historical expenditure

Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.

The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.

Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:

Year Phase
2015-16 Audited Outcome
2016-17 Audited Outcome
2017-18 Audited Outcome
2018-19 Adjusted appropriation
2019-20 Main appropriation
2020-21 Medium Term Estimates
2021-22 Medium Term Estimates

Budgeted and actual expenditure comparison

Compare the adjusted appropriation to the main appropriation to see whether changes were made in the adjustments budget to the appropriations set out in the budget. The audited outcome shows what was actually spent.

Note: Direct charges against the National Revenue Fund are excluded.

Read more in the Annual Report on the department's website.

Please note
Please note that the data for 2016 has not been published on vulekamali.
Main appropriation
Adjusted appropriation
Final appropriation
Audited outcome

Budgeted and actual expenditure comparison by programme

Compare the amount of budget allocated to each of this deparment’s programmes at each phase in the process leading up to the Audited Outcome

Please note
One or more programmes did not exist for some years displayed.
Main appropriation
Adjusted appropriation
Final appropriation
Audited outcome
Climate Change and Air Quality
Environmental Programmes
Legal, Authorisations, Compliance and Enforcement
Oceans and Coasts
Chemicals and Waste Management
Biodiversity and Conservation
Legal, Authorisations and Compliance
Climate Change, Air Quality and Sustainable Development
Oceans And Coasts
Biodiversity And Conservation
Chemicals And Waste Management
Legal, Authorisations, Compliance And Enforcement
Climate Change, Air Quality And Sustainable Development
OUTA Budget Analysis Overview 2019/20
Data by OUTA
City of Cape Town Tender Portal
Data by City of Cape Town
How Does Civil Society Use Budget Information?
Data by International Budget Partnership
How transparent and participatory are the budgets of Metropolitan Municipalities in South Africa?
Data by International Budget Partnership
A Guide to Conducting Social Audits in South Africa
Data by International Budget Partnership
Budget Analysis for Advancing Socioeconomic Rights
Data by Studies in Poverty and Inequality Institute

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