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Social Development

National Department Budget for 2019-20

Vote purpose

Ensure protection against vulnerability by creating an enabling environment for the provision of a comprehensive, integrated and sustainable social development service.

Vote mandate

The Department of Social Development is not established in terms of a single act. Several pieces of legislation determine its mandate, many of which are under review. This includes the Social Assistance Act (2004), which provides a legislative framework for providing social assistance. The act sets out the different types of grants payable, as well as their qualifying criteria. It also makes provision for the establishment of the inspectorate for social assistance. Other pieces of legislation further define the department’s mandate: - the Non-Profit Organisations Act (1997) establishes an administrative and regulatory framework within which non-profit organisations can conduct their affairs, and provides for their registration by the department - the Older Persons Act (2006) establishes a framework for empowering and protecting older persons, and promoting and maintaining their status, rights, wellbeing, safety and security. It provides for older persons to enjoy good quality services while staying with their families in their communities for as long as possible. It also makes provision for older persons to live in residential care facilities - the Children’s Act (2005) sets out principles relating to the care and protection of children, and defines parental responsibilities and rights. It deals with early childhood development (ECD), drop-in centres and early intervention, children in alternative care such as foster care, child and youth care centres, and the adoption of children - the Prevention of and Treatment for Substance Abuse Act (2008) regulates substance abuse services and facilities - the 1998 White Paper on Population Policy for South Africa is aimed at promoting the sustainable development of all South Africans by integrating population issues with development planning in all spheres of government and all sectors of society - the 2015 White Paper on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities focuses on putting in place measures that will reduce the exclusion and inequality experienced by persons with disabilities. This includes contributing towards fighting poverty among persons with disabilities and their families, and providing policy guidelines on building capacity in the public sector to deliver equitable and accessible services - the 1997 White Paper for Social Welfare sets out the principles, guidelines, policies and programmes for developmental social welfare in South Africa. It provides the foundation for social welfare in the post-1994 era - the Social Service Professions Act (1978) provides for the regulation of social service professionals - the Victim Empowerment Support Services Bill is aimed at regulating victim support services and empowering victims.

The Budget Cycle

2019-20 Budget

The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the budget for the new financial year.

Spending plans by programme and sub-programme

A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the financial year. Different programmes have different budgets, depending on their objectives and available budgets. More detail on the programmes is available in the department's Estimates of National Expenditure documents.

Budget (Main appropriation) 2019-20

Classification of spending items

In addition to exploring the department budget by programmes, the budget is classified according to Economic Classification.

The Economic Classification of a department's expenditure distinguishes between various categories of current expenditure and capital expenditure. The purpose of the economic classification is to categorise transactions according to type of object or input, such as compensation of employees or capital assets.

This visualisation highlights how many categories of expenditure there are for this department at Economic Classification level 4, and which ones are the biggest.

Budget (Main appropriation) 2019-20

Programme spending under economic classifications

Budget programmes will differ in composition of spending, from compensation of employees, transfers to other agencies and goods and services, depending on their objective.

Select an Economic Classification to filter the data in this chart and see how much programmes spend on that category.

Budget (Main appropriation) 2019-20

2019-20 Adjusted Budget

The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the tabling of the adjusted budget.

Budget changes in the Adjusted Budget

Please note
No adjusted budget data available for this year yet

Procurement resources

A guide to procurement
Find out how to ensure a procurement process was fair and legal, and where to look for more information.
Deviations from procurement process
Requests from national departments, public entities, Constitutional institutions and provincial treasuries to deviate from standard bidding processes when procuring goods or services.
Expansions and extensions of contracts
Requests from national departments and public entities to expand and extend existing contracts rather than request new bids from potential suppliers to perform the work.

In-year monitoring resources

In-year spending data
The in-year spending dataset provides monthly totals from the transactions of each department. This data is classified in fine detail by the department when recording their transactions.
In-year financial reporting (PFMA Section 32)
You can find in-year summary information about the National Revenue Fund and national departments in the Section 32 publications. This includes statements of expenditure, borrowing, cash flow and revenue receipts.

Performance monitoring resources

A guide to government planning and performance management
This guide describes the government's planning and performance management system. Performance management supports the government to achieve better service delivery for the people of South Africa. Find out how to determine how well a department is performing against its targets and where to obtain mo

Planned compared to historical expenditure

Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year. Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department, because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.

The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.

Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated expenditure:

Year Phase
2015-16 Audited Outcome
2016-17 Audited Outcome
2017-18 Audited Outcome
2018-19 Adjusted appropriation
2019-20 Main appropriation
2020-21 Medium Term Estimates
2021-22 Medium Term Estimates

Budgeted and actual expenditure comparison

Compare the adjusted appropriation to the main appropriation to see whether changes were made in the adjustments budget to the appropriations set out in the budget. The audited outcome shows what was actually spent.

Note: Direct charges against the National Revenue Fund are excluded.

Read more in the Annual Report on the department's website.

Please note
Please note that the data for 2016 has not been published on vulekamali.
Main appropriation
Adjusted appropriation
Final appropriation
Audited outcome

Budgeted and actual expenditure comparison by programme

Compare the amount of budget allocated to each of this deparment’s programmes at each phase in the process leading up to the Audited Outcome

Please note
One or more programmes did not exist for some years displayed.
Main appropriation
Adjusted appropriation
Final appropriation
Audited outcome
Social Policy and Integrated Service Delivery
Social Security Policy and Administration
Social Assistance
Welfare Services Policy Development and Implementation Support
Welfare Services Policy Development And Implementation Support
Social Policy And Integrated Service Delivery
Social Security Policy And Administration
OUTA Budget Analysis Overview 2019/20
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A Guide to Conducting Social Audits in South Africa
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Budget Analysis for Advancing Socioeconomic Rights
Data by Studies in Poverty and Inequality Institute

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