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The Estimates of National Expenditure (ENE) is a book published along with the
tabling of the budget for the new financial year.
A department's programmes are the activities that it spends money on during the
financial year. Different programmes have different budgets, depending on their objectives and available budgets. More detail on the programmes is available in the
department's Estimates of National Expenditure documents.
In addition to exploring the department budget by programmes, the budget is classified according to Economic Classification.
The Economic Classification of a department's expenditure distinguishes between various categories of current expenditure and capital expenditure. The purpose of the economic classification is to categorise transactions according to type of object or input, such as compensation of employees or capital assets.
This visualisation highlights how many categories of expenditure there are for this department at Economic Classification level 4, and which ones are the biggest.
Budget programmes will differ in composition of spending, from compensation of employees, transfers to other agencies and goods and services, depending on their objective.
Select an Economic Classification to filter the data in this chart and see how much programmes spend on that category.
The Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure (AENE) is a book published along with the
tabling of the adjusted budget.
These charts show changes to the spending plans originally published in the Estimates of National Expenditure. Details of these changes are published in the Adjusted Estimates of National Expenditure.
Budgeted and actual expenditure/allocations for a department can increase or decrease from year to year.
Changes in expenditure for a department can be because of changes in the activities of the department,
because of changes in priorities between departments, because of cost efficiencies or because of
increases in the price of goods and services due to inflation.
The chart shows the department’s actual expenditure for past years, and budgeted expenditure for the
current year and the upcoming three years of the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF). By adjusting
these numbers to take inflation into account, it is possible to determine if a department’s expenditure
is really increasing or decreasing in real terms, as compared to the rest of the economy.
Previous financial years indicate actual expenditure while upcoming financial years indicate estimated
Compare the adjusted appropriation to the main appropriation to see whether changes were made in the
adjustments budget to the appropriations set out in the budget. The audited outcome shows what was
Note: Direct charges against the National Revenue Fund are excluded.
Read more in the Annual Report on the department's
Compare the amount of budget allocated to each of this deparment’s programmes at each phase in the
process leading up to the Audited Outcome
National Treasury, departments and commitees are busy with different things depending on the time of year: